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Surroundings of Rome
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Surroundings

Throughout its history, over two thousand years, Rome has accumulated important art treasures and archaeological heritage which noone has in the rest of the world. Countless are the archaeological ruins, monumental buildings, churches, libraries, museums and cultural institutions, all to visit. 


» Spanish Steps

Marvellous square in Rome, it is dominated by the Spanish Steps. From this square start some of the most known streets of Rome. The monumental stairway, of 138 steps, was built with French funds, in 1723–1725, linking the Bourbon Spanish Embassy to the Trinità dei Monti church.

» Trevi Fountain

It is the most famous and spectacular fountain in Rome, built by Nicolò Salvi in 1735, under Pope Clement XII. This eighteenth-century fountain is a mixture of Renaissance classicism and baroque. The backdrop for the fountain is the Palazzo Poli. The theme of the sculpture is sea.

» Saint Peter's Church

It lies inside Vatican City and dominates Saint Peter’s Square. Founded in 324 by Constantine emperor, it is the largest church build in Christianity. What makes the basilica unique is its dome, very famous all over the world.

» Colosseum

It is a beautiful, unique architectonic complex, built in A.D.72. Its original name is Flavian Amphitheatre. Originally capable of seating 45,000 spectators, it was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles.

» Pantheon

Situated in Piazza della Rotonda, next to Piazza Minerva, it is the best preserved of all Roman buildings, and perhaps the best preserved building of its age in the world. It was built by Agrippa consul in 27 B.C., as a temple to all deities.

» Vatican Museum

With its 7km of artworks, it is the biggest collection of antiques in the world. The new entrance, inaugurated in 2000 by Pope John Paul II, can be reached by the right colonnade in Saint Peter’s square, through Piazza Risorgimento and going straight ahead on Via Leone IV and Viale Vaticano.

» Castel Sant'Angelo

Usually known as Mausoleum of Hadrian or "Castellum Crescentii" in the 10th-12th centuries, it lies on the right bank of the Tiber, in front of Ponte Sant'Angelo and not far from the Vatican. It was started in 135 by the Roman Emperor Hadrian, as a mausoleum for himself and his family, inspired by the Mausoleum of Augustus, and completed by Antoninus Pius in 139.